In the book of Exodus, the birth of Moses happened at a perilous time. Pharaoh had commanded that all male babies of the Jews be killed by drowning in the Nile River.
Jochebed, the wife of the Levite Amram, gave birth to a son and kept him hidden for three months. When she could keep him hidden no longer, she set him adrift on the Nile River in a basket coated with pitch.
Moses' sister Miriam watched from a distance the progress of the basket until it reached a place where Pharaoh's daughter was bathing.
It is said that she spotted the baby in the basket and had her handmaiden fetch it for her. Miriam came forward and asked Pharaoh's daughter if she would like a Hebrew woman to nurse the baby. Thereafter, Jochebed was employed as the child's nurse.
Moses grew up and was brought to Pharaoh's daughter and became her adopted son and a younger brother to the future Pharaoh of Egypt.
Shepherd in Midian
When Moses became an adult, he went to see how the Jews were getting by. He saw an Egyptian beating
a Jew. He killed the Egyptian and buried the body in the sand, supposing that no one knew what he did. Moses soon discovered that the his deed was known, and that Pharaoh was likely to put him to death for it. He made his escape over the Sinai Peninsula and made his way to Midian where he became a shepherd.
One day while tending the flocks, he saw a burning bush that would not be consumed. When he turned aside to look more closely, God spoke to him from the bush, revealing his name to Moses.
God commanded Moses to go to Egypt and deliver his fellow Jews from bondage. Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and told him that the Lord God of Israel wanted Pharaoh to set his people free. Pharaoh refused.
In response God sent ten plagues.
1. Plague of Blood
2. Plague of Frogs
3. Plague of Gnats
4. Plague of Wild Beasts
5. Plague of Pestilence
6. Plague of Boils
7. Plague of Hail
8. Plague of Locusts
9. Plague of Darkness
10. Death of the Firstborn
The tenth and final plague of Egypt was the death of all of the first born children in Egypt . Before the plague, God commanded Moses to inform all the Israelites to mark lamb's blood on the doorposts on every door in which case the LORD will pass over them and not "allow the destroyer to come into your houses and smite you" (Exodus chapter 12, v. 23). This was the plague that finally convinced Pharaoh to submit, and let the Israelites go.
Mount Sinai and the Ten Commandments
After crossing the Red Sea and leading the Israelites towards the desert, God called
Moses to Mount Sinai. Moses stayed on the mountain for 40 days and nights, a period in
which he received the Ten Commandments directly from God.