Socialization is an important function of the family. Socialization is the process by which a person trained to be responsible and play their part in society. The family does this by teaching children qualities such as respect, punctuality, industriousness and ethics.
The family plays a vital role in a child’s education. A child learns its first words from hearing and imitating the speech of other family members. It is the family who teaches the child how to identify objects and their purpose. As children start attending school parents help them with their homework.
The family is responsible for providing the finances necessary for their children to have school fees, uniforms, school bags, books and examination fees. They can also help a child by giving encouragement especially when facing academic and social challenges at school.
Children have many needs: medical, educational, recreational etc. parents have to play their role as breadwinners and give economic support to their children. Children have a right to certain basic provisions including food, shelter, medical care and clothing.
An emotionally stable person is usually the result of a family in which nuturing is provided. Children need affection to feel special. Affection helps to build their self esteem which is very important for them to handle the challenges of life.
The family teaches lifestyle to children. It is the family that makes the child aware of how certain things are done and how it must be done. For example we teach children to practice proper hygienic practices such a bathing, brushing their teeth and washing hands after using the bathroom.
It is the family that passes on culture to a child by showing them how to observe things like religious holidays and other customs and traditions.